the presence of fragments of endometrial tissue at sites in the pelvis outside the uterus or, rarely, throughout the body (e.g. in the lung, rectum, or umbilicus). It is thought to be caused by retrograde menstruation. When the tissue has infiltrated the wall of the uterus (myometrium) the condition is known as adenomyosis. Symptoms vary, but typically include pelvic pain, severe dysmenorrhoea, dyspareunia, infertility, and a pelvic mass (or any combination of these). Medical treatment is aimed at suppressing ovulation using gonadorelin analogues, combined oral contraceptives, or the intrauterine system (see IUS). Surgical treatment may also be necessary, usually by laser or ablative therapy via laparoscope. More radical surgical treatment in the form of a total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is sometimes required.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Endometriosis — Classification and external resources ICD 10 N80 I …   Wikipedia

  • Endometriosis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Endometriosis Clasificación y recursos externos Aviso médico CIE 10 N80 …   Wikipedia Español

  • endometriosis — f. ginec. Trastorno de tejido del endometrio que consiste en la formación de la mucosa endometrial fuera de la cavidad uterina, conservando sus caracteres morfológicos y funcionales (descaman durante la menstruación). Cuando el foco se desarrolla …   Diccionario médico

  • endometriosis — f. Med. Formación de mucosa uterina en órganos distintos del útero …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • endometriosis — [en΄dō mē΄trē ō′sis] n. pl. endometrioses [en΄dō mē΄trē ōsēz΄] [see ENDOMETRIUM & OSIS] the growth of endometrial tissue in abnormal locations, as on the ovaries or within the peritoneal cavity …   English World dictionary

  • Endometriosis — In endometriosis, cells that normally grow inside the uterus (womb), instead grow outside the uterus. Summary: Endometriosis is very common; the cause and why some women have endometriosis and many others do not has not been fully fathomed,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Endometriosis — ► sustantivo femenino MEDICINA Afección ginecológica que se caracteriza por la presencia de un tumor fuera del útero, constituido por mucosa uterina. IRREG. plural endometriosis * * * endometriosis. f. Med. Formación de mucosa uterina en órganos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • endometriosis — /en doh mee tree oh sis/, n. Pathol. the presence of uterine lining in other pelvic organs, esp. the ovaries, characterized by cyst formation, adhesions, and menstrual pains. [1920 25; < NL; see ENDOMETRIUM, OSIS] * * * Disorder of the female… …   Universalium

  • endometriosis —    The presence of endometrial tissue outside of the uterus. The endometrium is the mucus membrane inner lining of the uterus, with glandular cells and structural cells, both responding to estrogen by increasing in size (the proliferative phase); …   Herbal-medical glossary

  • endometriosis — {{#}}{{LM E15027}}{{〓}} {{[}}endometriosis{{]}} ‹en·do·me·trio·sis› {{◆}}(pl. endometriosis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Asentamiento de las mucosas uterinas fuera del útero. {{★}}{{\}}ETIMOLOGÍA:{{/}} De endometrio y osis (enfermedad) …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • endometriosis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1925 the presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus that often results in severe pain and infertility …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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